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Q: WHAT CAUSES THE DISCOLORATION OF A TOOTH?
A: Smoking, drinking coffee, tea, and wine may also contribute to tooth discoloration, making our teeth yellow and dull.  Sometimes, teeth can become discolored from taking certain medications as a child, such as tetracycline.  Excessive fluoridation (fluorosis) during tooth development can also cause teeth to become discolored.

Q: WHAT CAN I DO ABOUT STAINED OR DISCOLORED TEETH?
A: Professional teeth whitening (or bleaching) is a simple, non-invasive dental treatment used to change the color of natural tooth enamel, and is an ideal way to enhance the beauty of your smile.  It's important to have your teeth evaluated by your dentist to determine if you're a good candidate for bleaching.  Occasionally, tetracycline and fluorosis stains are difficult to bleach and your dentist may offer other options, such as veneers or crowns to cover up such stains. 

Q: ARE THERE ANY SIDE EFFECTS ASSOCIATED WITH TEETH WHITENING?
A: If used properly and in normal amount, and not too often, it does not have side effect unless you have very sensitive teeth.  You should consult your dentist.  Protective gel or rubber shield is used to prevent bleaching agents from damaging gum tissue. After the whitening procedure, you may experience minimal tooth sensitivity for a short period of time.

Q: Does teeth whitening work for everyone?
A: No. Individuals with severe tooth discoloration should consider other options, such as porcelain veneers or composite bonding.

Q: What should I do if I have bad breath?
A:  Bad breath can be an unpleasant and embarrassing condition. There are various reasons one may have bad breath.  Bad breath is mainly due to gum disease and partially due to microbial deposits on the tongue.  Regular periodontal maintenance is essential for healthy gum and periodontium. 

What may cause bad breath?

  • Morning time, garlic, onions, etc., poor oral hygiene Periodontal (gum) disease, cavities, dry mouth, tobacco products, dieting, dehydration, hunger, and certain medical conditions and illnesses – Diabetes, liver and kidney problems, chronic sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia are several conditions that may contribute to bad breath.

What can I do to prevent bad breath?

  • Brush at least twice, floss daily to remove food debris and plaque from in between the teeth and under the gum line.  Brush the tongue and reach the back areas.  Replace your toothbrush every  few months.  See your dentist regularly
  • Stop smoking/chewing
  • Drink water frequently
  • Use mouthwash/rinses

Q: HOW OFTEN SHOULD I BRUSH AND FLOSS?
A:  Brush at least twice a day and floss daily.

Q: HOW OFTEN SHOULD I HAVE A DENTAL EXAM AND CLEANING?
A: You should have your teeth checked and cleaned at least twice a year.  If you have gum disease, your dentist or dental hygienist may recommend more frequent visits.

Q: HOW CAN I TELL IF I HAVE GINGIVITIS OR PERIODONTITIS (gum disease)?
A:  Periodontal disease begins when plaque, a sticky, colorless, film of bacteria, food debris, and saliva, is left on the teeth and gums.  The bacteria produce toxins (acids) that inflame the gums and slowly destroy the bone. Brushing and flossing regularly and properly will ensure that plaque is not left behind to do its damage.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

Q: WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO USE DENTAL FLOSS?
A: Brushing our teeth removes food particles, plaque, and bacteria from all tooth surfaces, except in between the teeth.  Unfortunately, our toothbrush can't reach these areas that are highly susceptible to decay and periodontal (gum) disease.  Daily flossing is the best way to clean between the teeth and under the gum line.  Flossing not only helps clean these spaces, it disrupts plaque colonies from building up, preventing damage to the gums, teeth, and bone.

Q: WHAT ARE PORCELAIN VENEERS, HOW CAN THEY IMPROVE MY SMILE AND HOW CAN COSMETIC DENTISTRY HELP IMPROVE THE APPEARANCE OF MY SMILE?
A: Porcelain veneers are very thin shells of tooth-shaped porcelain that are individually crafted to cover the fronts of teeth.  They are very durable and will not stain, making them a very popular solution for those seeking to restore or enhance the beauty of their smile.

Veneers may be used to restore or correct the following dental conditions:

  • Severely discolored or stained teeth
  • Unwanted or uneven spaces
  • Worn or chipped teeth
  • Slight tooth crowding
  • Misshapen teeth
  • Teeth that are too small or large

Cosmetic Procedures:
Teeth Whitening: Bleaching lightens teeth that have been stained or discolored by age, food, drink, and smoking.  Teeth darkened as a result of injury or taking certain medications can also be bleached, but the effectiveness depends on the degree of staining present.

Composite (tooth-colored) Fillings: Also known as "bonding", composite fillings are now widely used instead of amalgam (silver) fillings to repair teeth with cavities, and also to replace old defective fillings.  Tooth-colored fillings are also used to repair chipped, broken, or discolored teeth.  This type of filling is also very useful to fill in gaps and to protect sensitive, exposed root surfaces caused by gum recession.

Porcelain Veneers: Veneers are thin custom-made, tooth-colored shells that are bonded onto the fronts of teeth to create a beautiful individual smile.  They can help restore or camouflage damaged, discolored, poorly shaped, or misaligned teeth.  Unlike crowns, veneers require minimal tooth structure to be removed from the surface of the tooth.

Porcelain Crowns (caps): They could be Porcelain fused to metal or all Porcelain/Zirconia crowns.  A crown is a custom-made covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring it to its original shape and size.  Crowns protect and strengthen teeth that cannot be restored with fillings or other types of restorations.  They are ideal for teeth that have large, fractured or broken fillings and also for those that are badly decayed.

Dental Implants: Dental implants are artificial roots that are surgically placed into the jaw to replace one or more missing teeth.  Porcelain crowns, bridges, and dentures can be made specifically to fit and attach to implants, giving a patient a strong, stable, and durable solution to removable dental appliances.

Orthodontics: Less visible and more effective brackets and wires are straightening teeth with orthodontics much more appealing to adult patients.  Also, in some cases, teeth may be straightened with custom-made, clear, removable aligners that require no braces.

Thanks to the advances in modern dentistry, cosmetic treatments can make a difference in making your smile shine!